The Alpha

February 20, 2022 0 By Basit Khatri157

The air in forests is especially rich in terpenes such as pinene . Therefore, walking and exercising in these areas has great therapeutic potential. Coupled with the awe of being immersed in nature, it is unsurprising that forest bathing has the reputation of being fantastic for your health. It can act as an anti-inflammatory, promotes pain relief and relaxation, aids in memory and respiratory function, and may reduce the spread of bacteria and viruses.

You can also find this scent in other natural sources of pinene including pine trees, rosemary, orange peels, and herbs such as basil. There are two types of pinene, alpha-pinene (α-pinene) and beta-pinene (β-pinene). Cannabis contains α-pinene, and as the name infers, has a strong aroma of pine needles and sage. In fact, it is an incredibly common terpene present all throughout the plant kingdom and can be found in plants and herbs such as spruce and fir trees, dill, and parsley. Most cannabis strains that have peppery and spicy notes contain caryophyllene.

This terpene guide will be updated regularly as new health studies are published. Taking cannabis extract and concentrated terpene oils may be new to you and you may have an unexpected reaction. Fruity smelling cannabis is likely due to the terpene valencene or myrcene. Terpineol has powerful anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.

Frankincense oil revealed higher anti-inflammatory and anti-analgesic effects, compared to mice administered with water extracts. Strong pharmacological effects were observed using the combination of the three separated constituents in hind paw inflammation and COX-2 overexpression, when compared with their use alone . Several neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, are triggered by oxidative imbalance . With this background, Porres-Martínez et al. investigated the action of α-pinene on H2O2-sensitized oxidative stress, using mice pheochromocytoma cells as model. Antioxidant and protective effects of α-pinene were assessed for H2O2-sensitized oxidative stress in PC12 cells. Cell viability was loosed, and cell morphology was altered after pre-treatment with α-pinene.

Results of a study conducted in 2007 were published in the Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The research team investigated the effects of both isomers α-pinene and β-pinene on bacteria that cause endocarditis. After maximum exposure of 24 hours, the bacteria were completely annihilated.

The Alpha-Pinene / Beta-Pinene Terpenes: Strains, Effects, And Benefits

If your CBD flower has a “fruity” scent, it’s likely myrcene you’re smelling. Citrus fruits like lemons and oranges are also rich in this terpene as well as plants like mint, rosemary and juniper. Limonene is said to elevate moods and has been used for people with stress, depression and anxiety, all while providing a citrusy flavor that’s strong but refreshing. Limonene is known to have antifungal and antibacterial properties, which is why it can also be found in household cleaning products. While cannabis contains approximately 100 identifiable terpenes, some of the most potent agents are myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, linalool and pinene.

Alpha pinene, a terpenoid from the plants, ipsenol, and methyl butanol are some of the volatiles that attract several coleopterans, viz. This cannabis terpene serves to protect the plant against infectious germs, predatory insects and animals. On the flipside, it also plays a significant role in encouraging pollination. This study documents how it can combat the dangerous yeast Candida Albicans, a common cause of fungal infection in the gastrointestinal tract of humans.

It’s also one found most often in marijuana and has some of the best therapeutic effects. You may have come across something about terpenes while searching for information about medical marijuana. If you don’t know what terpenes are, there’s no need to worry – most people don’t. In short, a-pinene is a prime Hanfprodukte vs. CBD-Produkte example of why the entourage effect of cannabis can be so powerful. This one is a secondary terpene found mostly in flowers like jasmine, lemongrass, and tea tree oil. The smell of trans-nerolidol reminds of a mixture of rose, citrus and apples and can be described in general as woody, citrus and floral.

The packet contains 93.11mg of THC, where each unit is dosed at 10mg THC. Blue Lavender is a must-try for any CBD enthusiasts looking for something calming and features a wide variety of terpenes, including Myrcene and Caryophyllene. Hawaiin Haze, a sweet citrus blend, has been at the top of HighKind’s profiles for years and complements Pinene perfectly with the terpene Guaiacum. Get the latest information on medical cannabis as well as news and giveaways from Canada House. Pinene terpenes are developed in buds’ trichomes, where THC and CBD are produced as well. You can also find pinene in pine nuts, which contain pinene oil, and so do orange and lime peels.

Medicinal Properties Of Alpha

Camphene has been investigated in several medical studies for potential heart disease benefits when taken with CBD. Along with the terpene guaiol, eucalyptol has been linked to potential anxiety-causing effects. Carene has been medically investigated for its potential to treat acute skin inflammation. Trans-nerolidol has anti-microbial effects that are good for killing drug-resistant bacteria strains like Staph. Its taste is fruit-like with some consumers saying it tastes similar to citrus. This means guaiol may blockthe painkilling effects of CBD, cannabinoids, and other painkillers.

The Details Of Pinene

Many household and industrial cleaning products contain a small amount of Alpha-pinene to leave a fresh forest smell. In fact, alpha-pinene is the most commonly encountered terpene found in nature. We will discuss the effects of this terpene later, but it is important to note that exposure levels and the concentration of pinene inside a product, such as a CBD oil, will impact the results. Certain Sativa strains have high amounts of pinene due to the work of excellent breeders.

Inappropriate immune responses in body often lead to inflammatory diseases. Rufino et al. analyzed the anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effect of Juniperus oxycedrus EO and their major constituents α-pinene enantiomers in human chondrocyte . (+)-α-pinene exhibited the strongest prevention against IL-1β-stimulated inflammatory and catabolic pathways. Similarly, in another study, the anti-inflammatory effect of α-pinene was studied on peritoneal macrophages of male C57BL/6 rats . Results revealed that α-pinene do not exhibit cytotoxicity up to 20 µL/dose.

Results found pinene to be highly poisonous to Candida albicans, which is the causing fungus for yeast infections. Furthermore, by consuming this terpene you could also prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, which is a group of bacteria immune to most antibiotics. One of the most promising areas of pinene’s efficacy is against cancer, a disease that resulted in more than 1.7 million new cases and killed more than 600,000 people in the United States alone in 2018. Studies suggest Alpha-pinene can stop tumor growth and supplement chemotherapy treatments.

Here Are Some Studies And Info For You To Read Regarding Alpha

This is due to the unique terpenes produced by that specific strain of cannabis. Hence, it’s important to identify each terpene so we can further study the effects they have on our bodies. I encourage all of you to insist that terpene testing is done on your cannabis products. The more knowledge available to the patient equals more effective treatment. Next time you smell your favorite cannabis strain, train your nose to pick up on these beneficial terpenes.

It’s of the terpenes that cause fruity some cannabis varieties to have a fruity smell. Myrcene has been used for centuries throughout Oceania and Africa to relieve pain and inflammation. If difficulty sleeping is one of the reasons you’re researching terpenes or cannabis, try looking for a full spectrum CBD oil high in Delta 8 myrcene to help with sleep. Consumers sometimes mix terpenes and CBD oil together to increase the effects of CBD. Terpenes mixed with CBD amplify and targetthe benefits of both the terpenes and the CBD. That’s what is referred to as the “entourage effect,” also called cannabis synergy in the scientific literature.

The Dutch also utilized the alpha-pinene products from juniper to make effective healing tonics. Studies have proved the efficacy of the terpene and its characteristic anti-inflammatory properties, antimicrobial and ability to boost an individual’s memory. This scent note is known for its property to reduce stress and anxiety, and its use in mosquito repellants. Some popular cannabis strains that contain high amounts of this terpene are Purple Urkle, Granddaddy purple, Lavender Kush, and Amnesia Haze. If you’re just getting started with terpenes, odds are you’re wondering how each isolate can be used.

Cal K., Sopala M. Ex vivo skin absorption of terpenes from Vicks VapoRub ointment. Schmidt L., Göen T. Human metabolism of α-pinene and metabolite kinetics after oral administration. Falk A.A., Hagberg M.T., Löf A., Wigaeus-Hjelm E., Zhiping W. Uptake, distribution and elimination of a-pinene in man after exposure by inhalation. Austin C.A., Shephard E.A., Pike S.F., Rabin B.R., Phillips I.R. The effect of terpenoid compounds on cytochrome P-450 levels in rat liver. Yang H., Woo J., Pae A.N., Um M.Y., Cho N.C., Park K.D., Yoon M., Kim J., Lee C.J., Cho S.

We prioritize funding to cancer patients due to the effectiveness of medical marijuana in treating side effects of cancer, and the high cost of cancer treatments. Request medical cannabis assistance or donate to patients with serious medical conditions. However, terpenes like beta pinene also have an effect on the person consuming cannabis, altering the buzz in many ways.

With our proprietary extraction and refinement method, we remove plant materials and any leftover impurities, leaving behind the purest terpene isolates on the market. Best of all, we even offer sample packs so you can try them all. Terpenes–found nearly everywhere in nature–have entered the spotlight for their unique properties, becoming key ingredients to a host of products. Within the realm of research, these compounds are showing much promise for providing medicinal benefits. Aside from physical health, terpenes can also work towards providing treatments for mental health. Several studies have observed that terpenes are becoming a viable option for addressing depression.

In addition to occurring in cannabis, myrcene is abundant in mangoes. That’s why people say that if you eat a mango about 45 minutes before using cannabis, it will activate an especially intense and long-lasting high. More analysis and research need to be conducted before we know the whole story behind this CBD-rich strain. Recreational users say they enjoy uplifting, creative, happy, relaxing and euphoric effects when consuming this strain.

These terpenes also showed pain inhibition characteristics like mitigating tenderness in swollen areas. In a study of terpenoid-rich essential oils, these terpenes were observed to be highly effective at pain relief both in in-vitro and in-vivo experiments. The study suggests that these compounds can be used to treat acute inflammation, as opposed to chronic inflammation.

This is an example of the entourage effect, in which cannabinoids and terpenes modify and buffer the effects of one another. Terpenes are the aromatic oils that give each strain their aroma and taste. Pinene, as the name suggests, offers a distinctive pine scented aroma. Of the many terpenes found naturally in the world, only a handful are considered “major”. Pinene, like myrcene and limonene, when present in large enough quantities, deliver a discernible medical effectiveness. If you are looking for a pinene-rich cannabis strain, here are some to check out.

Our goal is to maintain your collection’s quality while surrounded by a sustainably crafted product. In your search for products, it will always be best to transact with a reputable provider. Purchasing from an untrustworthy source won’t just give you a bad experience, it can also be dangerous to your health.

The safety profile of both alpha-pinene and beta-pinene is considered outstanding. Further research is required before any conclusions can be reached about potential pinene benefits for cancer. In laboratory studies, alpha-pinene appears to have wide-ranging cancer benefits. Alpha pinene’s anti-inflammatory benefits may help relieve pain caused by inflammation. Notice that alpha-pinene and beta-pinene make up nearly half of the entire terpene list.

This may all seem very exciting, but don’t get too excited just yet. Much more research is needed to understand just how pinene affects the brain and how we may use it to treat medical conditions. It’s also important CBD Shots to note that the above results were achieved when mice were either being fed or injected with pinene directly. There has not been any research studying the effects of humans smoking cannabis strains high in pinene.

Camphene is used for its antibacterial properties to fight skin diseases and bacterial and fungal infections, psoriasis and eczema. This natural and organic compound is essentially useful for several types of patients. It has calming effects on the body and mind, and therefore, very useful in anxiety and stress management.

Additionally, myrcene had a protective role on UVB-induced human skin photo-aging. This is important because it gives evidence that the less toxic myrcene could replace the UV-filter chemicals that are currently being used for sunscreen products. Myrcene also showed evidence of helping restore heart tissue damage after a stroke in mice by increasing the levels of glutathione and anti-oxidative enzymes. There’s also beta-bisabolol, which has a slightly different molecular structure, but it’s found mainly in corn and cotton. Strains with high concentrations of pinene may have a fresh, crisp smell.

No visible changes were recorded on membrane proteins of liver microsomal of mice followed by administration of different terpenoids. Radioimmunoassay was used to calculate cytochrome P-450 levels in microsomal membrane vesicles after administration. The P-450 amount in control mice was 0.05 mM/mg, and in phenobarbital-administered d’acheter du CBD mice was 1.02 mM/mg, demonstrating a 23-fold stimulation of PB P-450. These data demonstrate that different terpenoids possess considerable stimulation of PB P-450 in mice . Gastrointestinal transit is the time it takes food to leave the stomach and travel through the intestines.

Medical studies suggest pinene may have benefits for hard to treat pain with clinical applications describing potential anesthetic-like effects. Pinene is the dominant terpenes represented in many cannabis terpene profiles, including several famous varieties. Your endocannabinoid system is critical to your overall health. It’s the system that turns other specialized systems on and off to control how you feel and the critical functions of your body. Likewise, the endocannabinoid system’s improper function has been linked to conditions including chronic pain, inflammation, and anxiety. A terpene list including myrcene, D-limonene, a-Pinene, linalool, B-caryophyllene, and trans-nerolidol are all said to have known anxiety-relieving effects.

However, one could view alpha- and beta-pinene molecules as identical twins. Just as identical twins originate from a single egg, so it is with these two versions of pinene that originated from an original compound at the end of biosynthesis. One lost a proton from outside a carbon ring, and the other lost a proton from inside a carbon ring. Although, instead of causing you any form of pain, AK-47’s list of specialties is to offer an uplifting, upbeat high that can help one get along with daily tasks and duties with a wide smile. Pinene is a non-intoxicating terpene and will not provide any sort of mind-altering or psychoactive effects on the user.

As you may have already guessed, it’s most abundant in conifer trees like pine, fir, cedar and spruce. Other plant species containing high concentrations of alpha-pinene include basil, rosemary, mint and bupleurum. Antibacterial, antiviral, antimicrobial, and antifungal properties.

Help other patients find trustworthy strains and get a sense of how a particular strain might help them. The ACS team continues to grow as the scope of our services expand to meet the ever changing needs of the cannabis and CBD industry. Our in house dedicated scientific team is continuously developing new technology, refining current methods, procedures and protocols.

Due to its low concentration of THC, it isn’t a good bet for getting high, despite its name. The high is relaxed and uplifting with both mental and physical qualities. It creates a numbing, warming sensation that flows throughout the body. Cannatonic’s benefits are further justified by its primary terpene, myrcene. Cannatonic is a great medical strain high in CBD containing a CBD of 12%. This strain is an even blend of Sativa and Indica and is mainly used for treatments of seizures.

Its greatest potential lies in its ability to lower the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, further lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Camphene is present in Ghost OG, Strawberry Banana, Mendocino Purps. When it comes to its medical value, eucalyptol relieves pain but also slows the growth of bacteria and fungus. One study looked at the ability of eucalyptus oil to fight off the bacteria responsible for some forms of acne and found alpha-Pinene to be a significant factor.

Cannabis strains with caryophyllene include Skywalker, Blueberry Diesel, Rock Star, Chocolope, and Super Silver Haze. As a component ofCBDoils, terpenes improve the body’s absorption of beneficial chemicals. Caryophyllene is found in black pepper, hops, cloves, and cinnamon. Patients report using caryophyllene to relieve physical pain, stress, inflammation, to help aid in sleep and control muscle spasms, to improve blood flow, and as an antifungal and antibacterial agent.

Marijuana is full of colors and patterns up to a gourmet level. In weed flowers, you can find infinite hues and flavors as if you were tasting wine or a chef’s most elaborate recipe. As fancy and scientific as the word terpenes may sound, and even if you were not aware of it, we all know what terpenes are, we just didn’t know the dictionary’s definition. Humulene is a sesquiterpene also known as α-humulene and α–caryophyllene; an isomer of β–caryophyllene. Bisabolol is naturally present in German Chamomile and the bark of the… Pinene is rarely the most abundant terpene in cannabis, but many chemovars still contain significant amounts.

Myrcene has proven anti-inflammatory and anti-depressant properties. It actually enhances and regulates other cannabinoids and terpenes. Hence, if you are looking for terpenes for pain and inflammation, you should be looking for myrcene-rich strains such as Blue Dream, Durban Poison, Northern Lights, White Widow, and Skunk XL.

There are 120 individual terpenes compoundsidentified in the cannabis plant. Terpenes, in general, are naturally occurring organic compounds that give organic plants their distinct scent and odor. Terpenes have the unique quality of not only defending plants against predators but also attracting pollinators. According to researchers, terpenes may not be fully responsible for the “high effect,” but they do have a therapeutic effect on the body and can enhance experienced sensations.

As well as providing various cannabis strains with delightful flavoursand taste sensations, pinene is also a player in the medicinal field and has been identified as a potent anti-inflammatory. This powerful aromatic molecule doesn’t just smell great, it also contains many medicinal benefits. The International Journal of Immunotherapy and Pharmacology advised readers on the advantages of strolling through a pine forest for stress reduction, respiratory help, and anti-cancer proteins.

Food and Drug Administration, but it can have some toxic effects when it’s ingested or inhaled, particularly when used in various cleaning products such as turpentine. Pinene, in this case, can be an efficient insect repellant, so when the plant secretes pinene, the odor keeps the insects away and reduces the frequency of insect attacks on plants. This means that pinene helps to open airways and improve airflow in the respiratory system which can be of therapeutic value for people with respiratory ailments such as asthma. Pinene seems to be a great natural addition to integrative treatment for antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Which Hemp Strains Contain Pinene Terpene?

Unlike cannabinoids, these compounds are found within other species of the plant kingdom and very common and widely distributed among all plant species . Common smells from different terpenes include flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. The beautiful yet distinctive aroma of cannabis, combined with its individually unique effect on the human body, is what makes this plant so incredible. OptimistMinds do not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Nerolidol is a common fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics for its woody-floral aroma with notes of citrus. Other plants that contain high levels of nerolidol include jasmine and tee tree. This terpene is best known for its relaxing effects to support sleep and may have potent anti-oxidant and pain-relieving properties . Plant breeders have influenced the terpene content in different cannabis strains through selective breeding. It’s hypothesized that terpenes work in tandem with cannabinoids to produce different effects. This may explain why some strains of cannabis can have the same THC and CBD levels but have entirely different effects depending on how they smell.

That caused the researchers to attribute serious antibacterial potential to pinene, with potential for future applications in antimicrobial therapies. There is another way in which pinene is instrumental to cannabis consumption, however. Overconsumption of THC can sometimes lead to impaired memory function. It ca also help reduce negative emotions experienced during highs, such as paranoia for instance.

However, it is alpha-pinene that is most prevalent in the cannabis plant. Alpha pinene is one of the most prominent terpenes found in cannabis and primarily smells like – wait for it – pine needles. Just about everyone knows the scent of pinene, even if the name isn’t familiar. But pinene is more than just a nice scent—this abundant cannabis terpene has plenty of healing benefits for both the body and the brain. Easily recognizable for its sweet pine aroma, pinene may play a role in fighting inflammation and boosting memory, along with offering an emerging option for the biofuel industry. Provided evidence of effective anti-inflammatory properties as well as outlined the potential efficacy for inflammation-based patients.

Other plants rich in pinene include rosemary, orange peels, basil, parsley and cannabis, of course. Many industries are using terpenes for making essential oils, health and beauty products—they are even used for making perfumes. Synthetic terpenes are used for flavoring and as food additives. In spite of this, most people only ever bother to look into the cannabinoid profile of their bud, without giving much attention to the different terpenes that are also present. Caryophyllene’s pain-relieving properties appear to be amplified when consumed orally with CBD. This is an example of cannabis synergy or the entourage effect where cannabinoids and terpenes are taken together to extend and strengthen their effects.

It turns out that the interdependence between many different terpenes and cannabinoids is responsible in large part for many of the medicinal effects of cannabis. The synergies that play out between the plant compounds How to Make CBD Hard Candy & CBD Sweets do so via what’s called the Entourage Effect. This effect encapsulates the potent synergies that occur when terpenes, cannabinoids, and other compounds like flavonoids all interact to deliver maximal medicinal value.

Hemp Terpenes Tackle Health And More

This cultivar is the perfect combination of a sweet citrus terpene profile with hints of chocolate and spice. Visually stunning with an amazing aroma, this indica provides a broad spectrum of pain and stress relief. Initial cerebral and ocular effects progress to a more physical experience, but remain balanced.

Secreted in the same glands that producecannabinoids, terpenes are the pungent oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors likecitrus,berry,mint, andpine. Medical research on plants has so avidly focused on cannabinoids that we don’t know much about these aromatic compounds yet. However, we know just enough to realize that terpenes are the next frontier in medical terpenes. The terpenes provide the strong, distinctive and alluring smells and flavors that are so familiar in cannabis. One of the most prevalent and prominent terpenes in marijuana is pinene.

As one of the best terpenes for nausea, you can find it in some strains, like Sour Diesel, Super Lemon Haze, Jack Herer, O.G. Kush, and Lavender. When looking for the best medical cannabis product to alleviate the symptoms of an illness, we almost always pay attention to the CBD and THC content – and nothing else. After all, they are the more popular heavy lifting cannabis competitors. But, what if we tell you there is more to cannabis potency than cannabinoids? Yup, while cannabinoids are like the powerhouse,there are terpenes, too!

Consuming CBD boosts the natural signaling capacity of your endocannabinoid system to affect how you feel. The goal of your endocannabinoid system is to maintain the chemical balance of your body. Anandamide is used in your body’s endocannabinoid system to send on/off signals to regulatory subsystems.

More than 100 cannabinoids have been isolated and identified to date, including cannabidiol , cannabigerol , and cannabinol . It can also be utilized as an oil diffuser to enable the manufacturers to mimic the refreshing smell of the pine trees. The sharp flavor of the terpene makes it suitable for application in various industrial processes.

Why Test For Terpenes?

The results of this study concluded that pinene was a powerful tool in combating this fungus. Because of Pinene’s antimicrobial abilities, this powerful terpene is commonly used as a topical antiseptic, making it potentially effective in treating bacterial and viral infections. In 2015, researchers published a study in the American Journal of Chinese Medicinewhich states alpha-pinene’s ability to exhibit multiple anti-inflammatory properties in animal cells. Just like Auto Cinderella Jack, Auto Lemon Kix belongs to the selection of extremely high THC strains.

•Grapefruit oil has insecticidal activity against beetles, mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, and houseflies. Being that Pinene is one of the most prevalent, you may have already gotten a taste of this particular varietal unknowingly. It’s your first hit of the day and ooh how it soothes the soul, as the air fills your lungs and the aroma seeps into your nostrils. This 1g pre-roll by Medizincontains 17.12% THC that may leave you with a mild buzz to consume at a preferred pace.

Beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, which makes it an ingredient in anti-inflammatory topicals and creams. Caryophyllene is the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors. This terpene is the most responsible for the recognizable marijuana smell with its spicy and floral notes. Linalool is also found in lavender, mint, cinnamon and coriander. What’s interesting is that just like those aromatic herbs, it has very strong sedative and relaxing properties. Strains that have “lemon” or “sour” in their name are usually rich in limonene.

Other studies have shown that pinene can effectively protect your lungs from certain infections. A study published in the journal Molecule analyzed the α-i label to prevent the spread of bronchitis. Researchers have discovered that α-Pine can be used to prevent the spread of bronchitis. Zamyad M., Abbasnejad M., Esmaeili-Mahani S., Mostafavi Improving Sleep with CBD Gummies A., Sheibani V. The anticonvulsant effects of Ducrosia anethifolia essential oil are produced by its main component alpha-pinene in rats. Elanur A., Hasan T., Fatime G. Antioxidative, anticancer and genotoxicproperties of α-pinene on N2a neuroblastoma cells. Cedretorum, α-pinene has been identified as the major component of EO (27–28%).

It has a unique CBD to THC ratio with a THC content of 7% – 15% and a CBD content of 10%. That is a reflection of its healthy terpene profile, including myrcene, a-pinene, and b-caryophyllene. Even Kelsey though terpinolene is found in plenty of cannabis strains, it is usually present only in small amounts. Still, it plays a key role in defining the taste and smell of many cannabis strains.

Borneol Adverse Effects

Pinene is a prominent terpene, but not necessarily the most dominant one in cannabis – it comes in second to Myrcene. Pinene is commonly used in many household cleaners and also as scent in the cosmetics and perfume industry. Pinene has been noted to have a calming effect on the mind, making it potentially useful for those who suffer from anxiety.

The latest trends suggest that the terpene industry will continue to evolve at a rapid pace. With consumer standards getting higher by the day, manufacturers must answer the call and introduce new products consistently. As the catalogs in online stores get bigger, both new and veteran consumers must equip themselves with the necessary knowledge. Since this strain is known for its insect-repelling characteristics, Pinene is a common ingredient for insecticides. But when used as a flavoring agent, it can make all the difference in a dish.